Australia is the largest country in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. It is a highly developed country, with the world’s 14th-largest economy. Australia is ranked 3rd in the Human Development Index (HDI) and has the tenth highest per capita income. The country ranks high in terms of quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights.
Australia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans and is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas, with the Coral Sea lying off the Queensland coast, and the Tasman Sea lying between Australia and New Zealand. Australia is the world’s smallest continent and sixth largest country by total area. The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the north-east coast and extends for over 2,000 kilometers. Australia’s size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and desert in the center. The desert or semi-arid land commonly known as the outback makes up by far the largest portion of land.
Australia has six states: New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC) and Western Australia (WA). Australia has two major mainland territories: the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
Australia has an average population density of 3.3 persons per square kilometer of total land area, which makes it is one of the most sparsely populated country in the world. The largest populated cities are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
As a developed country with an excellent reputation for being welcoming to migrants, a strong economy, job opportunities, a modern lifestyle, free education and a high standard of living. Australia is featured as one of the best countries in the world to live.
Amazing Facts About Australia
- completed 28 consecutive years of annual economic growth, one of the few economies in the post-WWII period to achieve this — (2018-19) (Australian Bureau of Statistics).
- the wealthiest nation in terms of median wealth per adult ahead of Switzerland — (2018) (Global Wealth Report, Credit Suisse).
- the world’s 6th largest pool of investment funds under management (US$1.9 trillion).
- the world’s 14th highest GDP and 11th highest GDP per capita (in US dollar terms) — (2018) (International Monetary Fund).
- the 16th largest stock exchange in the world (by domestic market capitalization) — (2018) (World Federation of Exchanges).
Australia has a strong and robust economy, with 28 years consecutive economic growth. Australia boasts the world’s 14th highest GDS and 11th highest GDP per capita. Australia has the 16th largest stock exchange.
Universal Health-care : Medicare
Australia boasts a universal public healthcare. All permanent Australian residents have access to Medicare, the state health care provider, and this is paid for through taxes: nobody has to worry about soaring monthly premiums. Medicare offers a thorough basic healthcare coverage including general practitioner costs, hospital costs and 85% of specialist costs. There are heavy discounts on prescription drug prices and plenty of other benefits. Often, Medicare is billed directly through a system called ‘bulk billing’, meaning that you’ll never see the bill yourself. The government is active in trying to persuade anyone who earns enough to take out private policies on top of their state coverage to relieve pressure on the public system. High earners face an extra tax unless they take out private insurance.
Population and Language Diversity
- Australians speak over 200 languages with over 50 actively spoken Australian Indigenous languages.
- About 21% of Australians reported speaking a language other than English at home.
- Australian Indigenous languages are spoken by less than 1% of the total population.
- The most common languages other than English are: Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, Vietnamese, Italian and Greek. Collectively, Chinese languages (including Cantonese, Mandarin and other Chinese languages) have the greatest number of speakers after English, accounting for approximately 4% of the total population.
Australia is home to over 200 different ethnic communities, making it one of the world’s most culturally diverse countries. Australia welcomes large-scale immigration from other countries, including refugees, giving it a high global per-capita immigration rate. English is the dominant language in Australia; however, many people speak a language other than English within their families and communities. This linguistic diversity is an asset for Australia and making the country more competitive in trade as well as fostering international ties and cultural exchange.
Australia is a large country and has several different climate zones. The northern section of Australia has a more tropical influenced climate, hot and humid in the summer, and quite warm and dry in the winter. The southern parts are cooler with mild summers and cool, sometimes rainy winters. The seasons are the opposite of those in the Northern Hemisphere. December and January are the hottest months in Australia, July and August the coldest. The southern areas of the Australian Continent are generally more temperate to warm, with summer daytime temperatures usually between 25 and 30°C and winter Temperatures between 5 and 10°C.
The desert and bush (“outback”) areas in central Australia can reach temperatures of 50°C and rain may not fall for years. Most rain falls in the northeastern coastal parts of Australia (Darwin). Sometimes tropical cyclones can occur in the northern coastal areas, causing heavy wind and rainstorms; these storms usually occur in the Southern summer months between November and April.
99% of all Australians are literate with around 20% of the Australian population enrolled in some form of education. Education in Australia is compulsory between the ages of five or six and fifteen, sixteen or seventeen, depending on the State or territory and date of birth. Approximately 40% of school going children are enrolled in private or independent schools. most Australia’s universities are public, and student fees are subsidized. Australia has the 3rd highest number of universities in the world’s top 100. Australia is ranked 4th on secondary education enrolment and ranked 5th on internet access in schools. Australia has the 9th highest proportion of 25-64-year old’s with tertiary qualifications and is ranked 15th for having the best education system in the world.